Skip to main content


One of the main tasks of a radar controller is ensuring separation at all times as this allows for a safe flow of traffic. We distinguish between different types of separation.

As a general rule, ATC shall provide separation between

  • all flight in airspaces A and B,
  • IFR flights in airspaces C, D, E,
  • IFR flights and VFR flights in airspace C,
  • IFR flights and SVFR flights.
Radar (horizontal) separation