Euroscope Setup - Langen FIR EDGG

General

Since AIRAC 2101, the Euroscope plugin Topsky has been used as default in the training of our vControllers in Langen FIR and corresponding profiles have been made available for download. Since this plugin goes beyond the already complex handling of Euroscope, here are a few words in advance.

What is Topsky and why do we use it?

Topsky is a real ATC system used by more than 100 FIRs worldwide. A very realistic replica of this system has been available for some time as a plugin for Euroscope. The vACCs in Scandinavia as well as our neighbors in Austria have been using this as a standard ATC system for several years.

In order to simplify the coordination between ATC and to use the many additional features (e.g. Datalink, Conflict and Risk Window, Vertical Aid Window, Missed Approach, etc.), we will also use the plugin as standard during our ATC training. This has the advantage for you, that you are already familiar with the system from the beginning and the changeover for the APP training later on will be easier.

First use of the package

The full package is already set up by us, so that it can be used directly without having to make any further changes. Only the use of the plug-in may take some getting used to. Even though this guide is very extensive, don't let it scare you away! It's easy to learn how to use it and our mentors will help you as much as they can. In addition, we will briefly introduce the most important functions here.

To familiarize yourself with the functions of Topsky in detail, you can also use the comprehensive manual (which is included in the package). In addition, our colleagues from Austria have created two very helpful "How To" videos about Topsky in German (Part 1 and Part 2).

Especially as APP and CTR, you should open the radar menu at the beginning. To do this, right-click in the line next to the text so that the menu opens. To make this box fixed, click the small box to the left of the word Radar Menu again. Then you can move the window. This offers various additional tools such as QDM (also an important tool for the tower), SEP-Tool, Maps, Filter, etc..

EDGG_Phoenix_Tower_EDDF.png
Tower Ground Profile - Tower Radar View Frankfurt

Profile

Profiles offer the possibility to store different configurations and settings in Euroscope. We offer different types of profiles in order to provide controllers with realistic radar screens and benefits of different plugins.

To use all available features, it is recommended to use the current beta version of Euroscope!

Tower Ground: This profile is used primary for all Tower and Ground stations. Tags and Lists are optimised for the Tower and Ground duties. It is recommended to use the different ASR files for Tower and Ground.

EDGG Langen Radar: This profile should be used for all Arrival (APP, DEP) and Center stations within the Langen FIR. All settings have been optimized for the lower airspace according to the real world used layout.

EDUU Rhein Radar: This Profile should be used for all Rhein Radar stations and is optimized for the upper airspace with ASR files for EDUU only!

EDDF Apron: This profile is designed to represent a most realistic ground view of Frankfurt Apron.

ASR Files

The different views (whether tower, ground, etc.) are saved in so-called ASR files. These are already set up by us, so that you can use them to control. The tags used are also specially adapted to this representation. We therefore recommend that you use two monitors (if available), one for the final / the control zone and one for the traffic on the ground. If you only have one monitor, it is best to use the F7 key to quickly switch between the files (much more effective than zooming) or open two Euroscope instances next to each other (option: right-click on the maximize field).

Please do not change any settings!

As you will quickly notice, Euroscope is a software where you can configure a lot. As tempting as it may be, please do yourselves a favor and use the presets. The construct of the settings files has become very extensive and complex (over 100 settings files). It can happen very quickly that one change of yours breaks the whole profile for yourself. And believe us, we know how time-consuming the work with the settings can be, even if you think you know what you are doing.

EDGG_EDDF_APN_PHX.pngFrankfurt Ground View

Lists Langen FIR

General

Lists in general offer a lot of useful information and many functions. For some stations working with lists can be a huge benefit, while others do not need them most of the time. Working with the Departure or Startup List is particularly recommended for the tasks of the Delivery Controller. These two lists are the same for every station. Other lists differ between Ground/Tower and Arrival/Center as different information are important.

The grey items in the table below are hidden by default and can be quickly shown via the filter of the respective list (F) if required. By using the right mouse button the filter dialogue will not close after selecting an item.

Departure List

The Departure List shows all departures of an airport which are on the ground. For the tasks of Delivery, the Start-Up List (latest Euroscope Beta is required) can be used in addition to this list, which is structured similarly.

EDGG_Departure_List.png

List Item Description Left click Right click
DSQ Departure sequence Reduce sequence Departure sequence menu
TIMER Timer for the current request --
--
REQ Current Request + Sequence Request menu --
CALLSIGN Callsign Callsign menu Assume/Transfer
STND Departure Stand --
--
ATYP Aircraft Type Scratchpad Communication menu
FR Flight Rule (only if VFR) --
--
ADEP Origin Airport Flightplan (ES) Flightplan (TS)
ADES Destination Airport Flightplan (ES) Flightplan (TS)
DRWY Departure Runway Runway List Departure Sequence menu
SID Departure Route SID list SID list
CLMB Initial Altitude Temporary Altitude menu (TS) Temporary Altitude menu (ES)
RFL Cruising Altitude Final Altitude menu (TS) Final Altitude menu (ES)
FPC Flightplan checker Manual FP check --
DEL Delivery Helper Set "primary" SID Set "secondary" SID
aSSR Assigned Squawk Auto assign Squawk Squawk menu
C Clearance Received Flag Set Clearance Received PDC/DCL menu
STS Ground Status Ground Status menu Ground Status menu
SI Next/tracking station Controller List --
COM Communication Type Communication menu Communication menu
RMK Remarks Scratchpad Scratchpad

Startup List

The Startup List shows all departures of an airport with no status, SUG and PBG. As soon as they have the TXG status, they will disappear from this list. It's highly recommended for Delivery to work with this list, sorted by clearance received flag.

EDGG_Startup_List.png

List Item Description Left click Right click
TIMER Timer for the current request --
--
REQ Current request + sequence Request menu --
CALLSIGN Callsign Callsign menu Assume/Transfer
TOBT Target Off-block time Set aircraft ready Edit TOBT
TSAT Target Startup Approval Time Add TSAT to TSAC --
TSAC Target Startup Approval Time Communicated Edit TSAC --
ASAT Actual Startup Approval Time --
--
TTOT Target Takeoff Time --
--
CTOT Calculated Takeoff Time CTOT menu --
STND Departure Stand --
--
ATYP Aircraft Type Scratchpad Communication menu
ADES Destination Airport Flightplan (ES) Flightplan (TS)
DRWY Departure Runway Runway List Departure Sequence menu
SID Departure Route SID list SID list
CLMB Initial Altitude Temporary Altitude menu (TS) Temporary Altitude menu (ES)
RFL Cruising Altitude Final Altitude menu (TS) Final Altitude menu (ES)
FPC Flightplan checker Manual FP check --
DEL Delivery Helper Set "primary" SID Set "secondary" SID
aSSR Assigned Squawk Auto assign Squawk Squawk menu
DCL Datalink Clearance Indicator PDC/DCL menu PDC/DCL menu
C Clearance Received Flag Set Clearance Received --
STS Ground Status Ground Status menu Ground Status menu
COM Communication Type Communication menu Communication menu
RMK Remarks Scratchpad Scratchpad

Arrival List (Tower)

The Arrival List shows all inbounds that are closer than 10 NM to the active airport.

EDGG_ARR_List.png

List Item Description Left click Right click
CALLSIGN Callsign Callsign menu Assume/Transfer
ADEP Departure Airport --
--
ATYP Aircraft type Scratchpad Communication menu
STND Assigned Parking Position Arrival Stand Menu --
ARWY Arrival Runway Runway List --
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) --
--
COM Communication Type Communication Menu Communication Menu
RMK Remarks Scratchpad Scratchpad

Sector Inbound List (Tower) - outdated

The Sector Inbound List shows all aircraft that will fly into the own sector.

EDGG_SectorInbound_List.png

List Item Description Left click Right click
CALLSIGN Callsign of the aircraft Callsign menu Assume/Transfer
ATYP Aircraft Type Scratchpad Communication menu
ARWY Arrival Runway Runway List --
STND Arrival Stand Booth Menu Stand Menu
SSR Current Squawk Auto assign Squawk Squawk menu
aSSR Assigned Squawk Auto assign Squawk Squawk Menu (TS)
ADEP Departure Airport Flight Plan (TS) Flight Plan (ES)
ADES Arrival Airport Timetable (TS) Flight Plan (ES)
ETEN Time at Sector Entry --
--
SI Next/tracking station Controller list --
COM Communication Type Communication menu Communication Menu
RMK Remarks Scratchpad Scratchpad

Sector Inbound List (Radar) - outdated

This list shows all flights that will fly through your sector.

List Item Description Left click Right click
CALLSIGN Callsign of the aircraft Callsign menu Assume/Transfer
ATYP Aircraft Type Scratchpad COM menu
SSR Current Squawk Code Auto assign Squawk Squawk Menu
aSSR Assigned Squawk Code Auto assign Squawk Send Squawk via CPDLC
ADEP Origin Airport Flightplan (ES) Flightplan (TS)
ADES Destination Airport Route draw (autohide) Flightplan (ES)
SID Departure Route SID menu --
STAR Arrival Route STAR menu --
COPN Sector Entry Point Waypoint menu COPN point coordination list
PEL Planned Entry Level PEL menu COPN altitude coordination list
ETN Sector Entry Time --
--
COPX Sector Exit Point Waypoint menu COPX point coordination list
XFL Sector Exit Level COPX altitude coordination list COPX altitude coordination list
ETX Sector Exit Time --
--
SI Sector Indicator --
---
COM Communication Type Communication menu Communication menu
RMK Remarks Scratchpad Scratchpad

Sector Exit List (Radar) - outdated

This list shows all aircraft that are tracked by yourself.

List Item Description Left click Right click
CALLSIGN Callsign of the aircraft Callsign menu Assume/Transfer
ATYP Aircraft Type Scratchpad COM menu
SSR Current Squawk Code Auto assign Squawk Squawk Menu
aSSR Assigned Squawk Code Auto assign Squawk Send Squawk via CPDLC
ADEP Origin Airport Flightplan (ES) Flightplan (TS)
ADES Destination Airport Route draw (autohide) Flightplan (ES)
ARWY Arrival Runway Runway menu Runway menu
STAR Arrival Route STAR menu --
CFL Cleared Flightlevel CFL menu --
RFL Cruising Altitude RFL menu --
COPX Sector Exit Point COPX point coordination list COPX point coordination list
XFL Sector Exit Level COPX altitude coordination list COPX altitude coordination list
ETX Sector Exit Time --
--
SI Sector Indicator Next Controller List --
COM Communication Type Communication menu Communication menu
RMK Remarks Scratchpad Scratchpad

Plugins

Topsky (TS)

Topsky is a very powerful plugin and is used by default for all radar matters. For details you can have a look at the attached manual inside the package.

Groundradar Plugin (GRP)

Groundradar is a powerful plugin and is used by default for all ground matters. For details you can have a look at the attached manual inside the package.

The most used features are the tags, stand assignment, the additional maps (it depends on the airport) and the second ground view.

The top menu bar can be unpinned by clicking on the small icon on the left. Thereafter the menus below (e.g. Topsky) can be accessed (slowly and careful). To get the menu back, just hover in the area of the menu bar and it will show up again.

Virtual Controller Helper (VCH)

This plugin offers some useful but minor features like the cleared to land flag as well as the request list.

For all requests for clearance, startup, pushback, etc. the "REQ" column inside the Departure and Startup List should be used.

vACDM Plugin

The vACDM Plugin is designed to assist Delivery with the ACDM procedure to optimize the outbound traffic flow during high traffic situations. It is only available within the Startup List but disabled by default and can be enabled by using the Filter F.

To use the plugin the command .vacdm master need to be entered into the command line. Make sure you have set the active airport and runways!

Flightplan Checker (FPC)

Flightplan Checker checks all flightplans regarding SID restrictions, some minor route issues and cruise level (odd/even) depending on the airway used. You will see a red error message if some errors occur or a green "OK!" if everything is fine. No further actions are required to use this plugin. By default it is disabled and can be used within the Departure and Startup list using the filter "F".

Please check your local SOP if it is mandatory to check the pilot's filed route or not. Please be careful with odd/even amendments as this can be a really tricky topic and is solved by step climbs in real life.

Delivery Helper (DelHel)

Delivery Helper helps the Delivery controller to get through the initial data work for outbound traffic. It sets the correct SID and initial climb for all airports within the Langen FIR except EDDF, EDFH and EDTL! By default this plugin is disabled and can be enabled by using the filter F within the Departure and Startup list.

With a left click in the lists the primary used SID will be assigned. With a right click the secondary used SID will be assigned (e.g. SIDs for props).

When using .delhel auto only the primary SIDs will be assigned for all outbounds. That is the reason why this command should be used only for EDDS, EDDL, EDLP, EDLW, EDSB, EDLN and EDLV.

MAESTRO

MAESTRO is an arrival manager that is included inside the package. By default this plugin is not loaded. If you would like to use it, you have to load it first.

Right now the plugin seems to be a bit buggy, use on own risk!

Shortcuts

Euroscope

All Euroscope shortscuts are available here. Below you can find the most important one for the daily business.

Shortcut Description
Strg + arrow up Copy last line from chat into command line. Select previous line with multiple clicks.
POS1 Send "contact me" message: "Please contact me on XXX.XXX"
EINFG Aircraft select key
F6 Shows the flightstrip
F7 Switches between already opened ASR files
.inf Shows the tuned in frequency of the pilot
.break Indicates that you will go offline soon (undo with .nobreak)
.am Creates or opens the flightplan.
.find + Callsign Draw line to the aircraft you would like to find (not in combination with GRP).

Topsky Shortcuts

Topsky has some predefined features that are available via shortcuts (check Topsky manual for further details). Additionally several maps can be displayed by using the shortcuts below.

Shortcut Description
Maps
ALT + D Airspace C / D
ALT + M MVA Langen
ALT + G
Separation Guides Lower (Center only)
Label Gates EDDL + EDDK (Tower/Ground only)
ALT + H Separation Guides Upper
ALT + W Heading guides and vectoring T for training, western operation for all airports
ALT + O Heading guides and vectoring T for training, eastern operation for all airports
Tools
ALT + Q QDM-Tool
ALT + X Delete all QDMs
ALT + S Seperation Tool
ALT + R Radar Menu
ALT + hover over FIX name of Waypoint or Airport

Tricks and Hints

Create a flightplan for VFR flights

To use all benefits of the Tower Radar it is recommended to create a flightplan for every VFR traffic within the CTR. If origin and/or destination are unknown, ZZZZ should be used.

Creating a flightplan as controller:

Enter .am (like ammend flightplan) into the command line of Euroscope and click on the aircraft you would like to create a flightplan for. The flightplan window will open and you can enter ADEP, ADES and ATYP.

Second Ground View (GND)

At bigger airports or if you need to zoom in a lot, a second ground window might be helpful (e.g. for runway 25R/07L at Frankfurt).

Ground Radar Manu at the top => Window => 2nd

Display SIDs as Tower in ground view (GND/TWR)

For an efficient departure flow it is important to know which SIDs the departures are going to fly. To have a better overview what is already at the holdingpoint or coming along, you can simply enable the SIDs at the ground tag. So you don't have to keep all SIDs in mind or hover over it all the time if you have several outbounds at different holdingpoints.

Groundradar Menu at the top => Settings => Labels => Ground -- DEP X

Display all Tags at the ground (GND/TWR)

By default all tags without any status (e.g. SUG, PBG) are disabled to keep the scope as clean as possible. If you would like to see all tags you can simply hover over the Groundradar menu at the top or turn on all labels via the menu.

Groundradar menu at the top => Settings => Labels => Ground => NoState remove X

Further Maps via Euroscope

The following maps are additionally available via Other SET => Display settings, but are disabled by default.

- Cities (Regions)
- Highways (Geo - EDZZ)
- River (Geo - EDZZ)

- all individual Center Lower Sectors and combined as EBG (ARTCC boundary)
- all neighbouring Center sectors (ARTCC boundary)
- FIS boundaries (ARTCC boundary)

Topsky predicted traffic window (APP/CTR)

Especially as Radar Controller it can be really helpful to know, how much traffic is going to enter the own sector in the future, when it will happen and how much aircraft are inside. There you have to enter the SI of the station you would like to see the traffic.

Topsky menu at the top => STS => Supervisory => Predicted Traffic

Topsky Callsign Menu

With a left-click on the callsign of a plane, the so-called callsign menu opens in the tag as well as in the lists. There you will find the options to assume/transfer or release a plane (via more => free). You can also enter a missed approach (MAPP) or highlight a callsign and display the flight plan (FPL). APP and CTR can select a holding (HOLD) for the aircraft, coordinate a heading or speed with the neighboring controller (HOP) and request another controller to do the handoff earlier (ROF). Center controllers offering CPDLC have the possibility to start CPDLC for the aircraft and, if necessary, to send a predefined free text to the pilot.

Euroscope Usage - Tower

This guide is aimed at S1 controllers looking to control the minor airports in the FIR Langen. Below you will find a very basic introduction to the actions required to handle departures and arrivals. 

Opening Euroscope and switching airports

When you open Euroscope, you will be met with an Open profile file dialog. Open the Tower Ground.prf file. If the dialog does not open for you, uncheck the option Auto load last profile on startup under Other SET in the top taskbar and restart Euroscope.

Once you have opened the correct profile, you will see the following.

EDFF_Euroscope_init.png

It is the radar view of Frankfurt Tower. However, we would like to switch to a different airport. The way this works in Euroscope is by opening a different asr file, which tells Euroscope which lines to draw where. You can do so by clicking on the Open SCT button, which is highlighted in the screenshot. 

Open SCT opens the depicted menu, where you can select one of the blue highlighted asr files. If your airport is not listed there, you need to click Open (red arrow). This will open a Windows file dialog where you can select the correct asr from the sector files you downloaded for EDGG [EDGG\EDGG\ASR\Ground or Tower].

EDFF_Euroscope_open_sct.pngselect or open different asr files at Euroscope

You can open multiple asr files and press F7 to switch between them. Additionally, you can close asr files in the Open SCT menu.

Additionally, you can open multiple instances of Euroscope to have different views on multiple screens. Connect the first instance as normal and then select To VATSIM via proxy as Select connection mode and enter your credentials.

Connecting to the Network

To connect to the network, click the connect button in the top left. It will open the Connect dialog, where you will have to enter your VATSIM credentials. Additionally, select your station from the dropdown menu. If it is not listed, enter it manually and set the correct Facility. Enter Ground/Delivery (STU1) as your rating. You can choose any server except the Sweatbox. Thereafter press Connect.

EDFF_Euroscope_connect.pngEuroscope Connect dialog

You will see your station's ID, in this example, EDFH_TWR, as well as the primary frequency (119.650) in the top left corner if you have connected to the network. However, there are a few more things we need to do before we can start: 

We use the Topsky Plugin to offer PDC clearances. Read the guide here (german only) for further information. In real life, datalink clearances are not offered at small airports like Hahn or Mannheim. If you do not offer it, you should always remove "PDC/DCL Datalink [XXXX] - " from your controller info.

Activate airport and set active runway

Next, we need to choose and set the active airport and runway. Look at the current METAR, the TAF and the local SOPs to determine the runway in use. Next, in Euroscope, click on the runway icon in the top menu (red arrow). This will open the Active airport/runway selector dialog. Here you can activate the airport (left two columns) as well as set the departure and arrival airports (see image). 

EDFF_rwy_sel.pngactivate airport and set active runways

Set ATIS

We need to set the ATIS (Automatic terminal information service) next. To open the ATIS Setup Dialog, press the letter in the top left (red arrow). This letter is the current ATIS letter. Additionally, I have highlighted the ATIS maker URL. This URL translates the weather and runway data into the ATIS format. To set the ATIS, you need to

If everything is set up correctly, your ATIS Setup Dialog should look like the following. Additionally, the ATIS frequency will be displayed in the top menu bar (red arrow). 

EDDS_ATIS_new.png

EDDS_ATIS_Dialog

ATIS Setup Dialog

Start Audio for Vatsim

Finally, you need to open Audio for Vatsim and press connect in the top left. It should automatically display the relevant frequencies for you. Press TX and RX (transmit and receive) to listen and speak on the corresponding frequency.