EDDF - Frankfurt/Main Airport

Overview

Frankfurt airport is one of the largest airports in europe and the world. On Vatsim, the traffic figures in Frankfurt are also among the highest on the network.

In order to staff the major airport Frankfurt/Main and all stations above it, a Major Endorsement is mandatory.

Frankfurt ATC Stations

Station
Station ID
Login
Frequency
Remark
Dep-ATIS
ADF
EDDF_D_ATIS
118.825
--
Arr-ATIS
AFQ
EDDF_A_ATIS
118.025
standard frequency for single ATIS
Delivery
DFC EDDF_DEL 121.900 --
Apron
Center Apron
DFGC EDDF_C_GND 121.850 primary
East Apron
DFGE EDDF_E_GND 121.950 --
West Apron
DFGW
EDDF_W_GND 121.750
secondary
South Apron
DFGS
EDDF_S_GND 121.650
--
Tower / Ground
Ground
DFG
EDDF_GND
121.800
covered by FTS if not staffed
South Tower
DFTS
EDDF_S_TWR
119.900
primary
West Tower
DFTW
EDDF_W_TWR 124.850
secondary
North Tower
DFTN
EDDF_N_TWR 136.500
--
Center Tower
DFTC
EDDF_C_TWR 118.775
--
Arrival / Departure
North Arrival
DFAN EDDF_N_APP 120.800 primary
South Arrival
DFAS EDDF_S_APP 125.350 --
North Director
DFANT EDDF_H_APP 127.275 secondary
South Director
DFAST
EDDF_L_APP 118.500
--
South Departure
DFDS
EDDF_S_DEP
136.125
--
North Departure
DFDN
EDDF_N_DEP
120.150
--

Airport Capacity

Outbound EDDF Inbound EDDF
RWY 18 40 / hr
every 2 min
+ 10 extra movement
staggered 35 - 40 / hr
RWY 25C / 25L 25 / hr
every 3 min
+ 5 extra movement
parallel independent 50 - 60 / hr
RWY 07C / 07R 40 / hr
every 2 min
+ 10 extra movement
single runway 25 - 30 / hr
Sector Arrival South (FS): 8 - 10 aircraft at the same time
Sector Arrival North (FN): 10 - 12 aircraft at the same time

Delivery

Frankfurt Delivery is responsible for enroute and startup clearances for all departing IFR aircraft. VFR aircraft have to call Delivery for departure information. For all departures (IFR and VFR) Frankfurt Delivery is the first station to contact.

Startup: When startup clearance cannot be given immediately or the pilot is not ready for startup within the next 5 minutes during high traffic situations, the pilot needs to stay on Delivery frequency until he receives startup clearance. If an expected startup time (TSAT) exists, the pilot should be informed about it. This procedure might be necessary during events with a lot of outbound traffic.

With startup Delivery transfers the aircraft to the responsible Apron station depending on the current stand.

Mind the different initial climbs for the different SIDs and runways!

Euroscope: Delivery shall ensure that the initial climb is set and the correct SID is coded into the flightplan (very important for Center!). When issuing startup the corresponding ground state "SUG" (Startup Given) and the clearance received flag need to be set.

Events: For events Delivery has a very important role regarding the efficient traffic flow at the airport and runways. Check the usage of slots as well as the Event Coordinator article for more information. During events startup should only be issued when the outbound is ready for pushback within the next 5 minutes. Otherwise clearance can already be given and the pilot needs to report ready for startup on Delivery frequency.

SID Assignment

The runway used for departure and the corresponding SID are based on the first waypoint of a flight plan. Outbounds to the north will always use runway 25C/07C. Departures to the east, south and west will get runway 18 for departure. There is only one exception of that during 07 operations, where outbounds to the east will also use runway 07C.

South Apron: Aircraft parked in the southern part of the airport can be told to prepare both runways (25C/07C and 07R/25L), final decision will be by Tower later on during taxi depending on inbound traffic. This should be noted in the remark section (e.g. "25C/25L"). During low traffic situation, runway 25L/07R can be issued directly.

The default SID designator for each runway and waypoint can be seen in the table below.

Waypoint RWY 25C RWY 18 RWY 07C
ANEKI - L -
CINDY - S -
KOMIB - - D
OBOKA M / G - E / D
MARUN M / F - E / D
SOBRA - L -
SULUS - S D
TOBAK M / F - D
ULKIG - L -

EDDF_SID_waypoints.pngLocation of waypoints that are available for flights out of Frankfurt

For a quick overview the Quicksheet for EDDF includes all assignment rules.

The Quicksheet includes all useful SIDs outbound EDDF, with the ones for standard operation set in bold font. For deviation from these rules, coordination between Delivery and the Tower controllers is required, as he is responsible for the departure sequences. Be advised that non-standard SIDs can create dependencies to other arrivals and departures. Departures in brackets can be cleared without prior coordination when filed or requested by a pilot.

Especially during high workload for TWR and APP default SIDs have to be used. If necessary the pilot's filed route has to be amended by Delivery (often a complete new route is required).

Departure Routes

Runway 25C/25L

M/H-Departures: Runway 25C/25L is primarily used for northbound flights. All Light and Medium as well as Heavy aircraft with 3 or 4 engines are always assigned the M/H-Departures (so called "Südumfliegung") by default. After departure they lead with a left turn towards the south before turning to the north. If these aircraft types are not able to fly this departure route (e.g. they cannot comply with the climb restriction), they need to use the F and G-Departures.

F/G-Departures: Heavies with 2 engines (including B757) will get a departure route with Designator F/G and turn directly north after take-off (deviations due to weather possible). Departures towards the south that use runway 25C/25L will also use Designator F.

W/K and N/P-Departures: W and K departures are only available for aircraft with special equipment (RNP + fixed radius) and should be used by request only. Night Departures with Designator N are available for all 3- and 4-engined Heavy and Super aircraft between 2200-0700LT. Single- and Twin-Props may use Designator P to SOBRA instead of runway 18.

Low Visibility Operations: During LVO all departing traffic that is able to fullfill the climb restriction (including two engined heavies) out of runway 25C/25L should get the M/H SIDs due to restrictions with approaching traffic.

Runway 07C/07R

E/D-Departures: Runway 07C/07R is used for north- and eastbound flights. Light and Medium aircraft are assigned a departure with Designator E, if available. Heavy and Super aircraft (including B757) are assigned a departure with Designator D.

Between 2200-0700 LT all flights towards the north and east should get Designator D due to noise abatement.

SULUS-Departures: During 07 operations departures to the east (SULUS, KOMIB) are sent only via runway 07C/07R and not via runway 18.

X/Y-Departures: Designator X and Y are only available for departures to the south and west and for aircraft with special equipment (RNP + fixed radius). They should not be used.

Runway 18

In standard configuration runway 18 is used for outbound flights to the south, west and east. SIDs with Designator S and L should be used according to the table above. S is always the shorter routing, while L is the one used if someone cannot comply with the restrictions on the S route. SIDs with designator A, U, R and T should not be used. During 07 operations runway 18 is not used for flights to the east.

At Frankfurt Airport we offer Datalink Clearance to the pilots throughout the Hoppie System and the Topsky Plugin. The airport code EDDF should be used (already preselected).

An example of the DCL message the pilot will receive can be seen below. It's important that the current ATIS Designator will be entered via the remarks. By default startup always needs to be approved seperately.

CLD 2042 220117 EDDF PDC 026 SAS461L CLRD TO EKCH OFF 25C VIA MARUN7M CLIMB FL070  SQUAWK 2037 ADT MDI NEXT FREQ 121.900 ATIS H REQUEST STARTUP ON 121.900

Additional Information

Old SIDs

Over time several SIDs have been replaced. New controllers might not know the old ones that a pilot with an older AIRAC cycle could have in his database. If someone only has an outdated AIRAC cycle, the old SIDs could be used instead of a vectored departure. You will find the current equivalents in the table below.

Old Waypoint Current Waypoint Route to use in case of old AIRAC
BIBTI OBOKA BIBTI #M/#G or #E/#D SID
DKB CINDY DKB #S SID for CINDY Z74 HAREM T104 DKB
NOMBO CINDY NOMBO #S SID for CINDY Z74 LAMPU DCT NOMBO
RATIM CINDY RATIM #S SID for CINDY L603 RATIM (Prop only)
ROTEN CINDY ROTEN #S SID - ROTEN #T STAR (DEST EDDN only)
AKONI CINDY AKONI #S SID for CINDY SID

SID Restrictions

Due to a lot of different route planning tools, some non valid routes out of Frankfurt exist. To ensure an efficient operation within the upper and lower airspace several restrictions should be met if workload permits. To solve the issue, usually a completely new route has to be filed! Therefore grd.aero-nav.com can be used. All restrictions can be found in the table below.

Waypoint Restriction Remark
ANEKI not for DEST EDDM + EDMM FIR reroute via CINDY
CINDY via CINDY [...] T104 [...] DEST EDDM, EDDN only reroute for other DEST required
CINDY via CINDY L603 [...] Prop only, max. FL230 reroute for non prop
KOMIB only DEST EDDN during 07 operations reroute via CINDY for 25 operations
TOBAK not via TOBAK Z10 [...] reroute via MARUN
MTR / TAU / RID NON-RNAV only, max. FL90 reroute for RNAV capable aircraft (e.g. A320, B738)

Apron

Frankfurt Apron can be split into 4 stations as shown in the table and images below.

If more than one of these stations is staffed, Delivery needs to be staffed first. If just one Apron is online, this Apron takes over all other Apron stations, but not Frankfurt Ground.

Station
Station ID
Login
Frequency
Remark
Center Apron
DFGC
EDDF_C_GND
121.850
primary
East Apron
DFGE
EDDF_E_GND
121.950
secondary
West Apron
DFGW
EDDF_W_GND
121.750
will be taken over be FGC if not staffed
Ground
DFG
EDDF_GND
121.800
will be taken over bei FTS if not staffed
South Apron
DFGS
EDDF_S_GND
121.650
will be taken over bei FGE, does not exist in real life right now, backup frequency

EDDF_AoR_TWR_07.pngAoR for 07 operations

EDDF_AoR_TWR_25.pngAoR for 25 operations

General Procedures

Taxiway Usage

Taxiway L is always used in the direction towards the holding point of the center runway, depending on runway in use. Taxiway N is used the other way (see image). During 07 operations taxiway N west of N11 is also used towards the west, which shall be used for runway 18 outbounds (L, N14, N).

EDFF_EDDF_N_L.pngUsage of Taxiways N and L

Taxiway Restrictions: For B747, A380, A346 and B77W can be found here. The auto gate assignment will take care of that, so if a stand is auto assigned, the aircraft is allowed to taxi on the taxiway to get there.