The airport has three runways, two of which run parallel and one of which crosses two runways.
Runway 14L / 32R
Runway 14L/32R is the longest runway at 3815 x 60m. It is used for most take-offs and landings.
Runway 32R and 14L are both equiped with ILS CAT III.
Runway 14R / 32L
At a distance of about 1km southwest of runway 14L/32R is the much shorter parallel runway 14R/32L, which is 1863 x 45m long.
Due to its length and technical equipment, this runway is preferably used for VFR traffic. Because of its proximity to the military section, it is also frequently used by military aircraft.
Runway 14R/32L is only approved for aircraft up to code C.
For non-precision approaches to runway 14R, a flight and ground visibility of at least 2.1 km must be provided due to the shortened approach lighting.
Runway 06 / 24
Across runways 14/32 is the intersecting runway 06/24, measuring 2459 x 45m.
|06||B / C
Only landing direction 24 is equipped with an ILS (CAT I).
Runway 06/24 is only approved for aircraft up to code letter E, including the B748.
For non-precision approaches to runway 24, a flight and ground visibility of at least 1.5 km must be provided due to the obstacle situation.
RWY24 can be used to taxi aircraft as well. Either because of wingspan limitations on TWY D or to the military apron, as well as for aircraft landing RWY14L to vacate the runway and to avoid the sharp turn into A3.
The control zone of Cologne-Bonn Airport is airspace type D and extends from the ground to 2500ft MSL.
Airfields: South of the control zone there is the airfield Bonn-Hangelar EDKB, which, including its traffic circuit, is located outside the control zone.
To the north, also outside the control zone, is Leverkusen EDKL airfield. Its traffic circuit, however, extends into the control zone at an altitude of 1100ft on its southern side.
Please note the following: "From SR-30 until SS+30, the control zone in the depicted Dünnwald sector is not active. The general airspace classifications G (up to 1000ft AGL) and E (above 1000ft AGL) apply."
Source: AIP VFR Germany VOC EDKL
Hospitals: Several hospitals with helipads are located in the urban area of Cologne.
In the extended centerline of runway 14L, approx. 1.5 km north of the NDB LJ, is the hospital Merheim. Approaches to runway 14L fly over the hospital at approx. 1500ft. Helicopters may approach the landing area below the approaching traffic. Appropriate traffic information must then be provided to avoid missed approaches.
On the north-western edge of the control zone in Cologne-Nippes, on the CTR boundary, is the rather seldom approached St. Vinzenz Hospital.
On the west side in the Lindenthal district, just outside the control zone, is the University Hospital of Cologne.
To the west of the control zone is the Nörvenich ETNN airbase. Despite their proximity, the control zones of the two airports do not border directly on each other, but are separated by a narrow strip of type C airspace.
There are 7 mandatory reporting points and 1 optional reporting point available for VFR traffic at Cologne.
|NOVEMBER 1||BAB 4, exit Bergisch Gladbach-Bensberg|
|NOVEMBER 2||BAB 3, motorway service station Königsforst-Ost|
|ECHO 1||Church in the middle of Neunkirchen|
|BAB 3, service area Sülztal|
|SIERRA 1||Marina at the mouth of the Sieg River into the Rhine|
|SIERRA 2||Sports facilities north of the village of Troisdorf-Spich|
|KILO 1||BAB 1 / BAB 57, motorway interchange Köln-Nord|
|KILO 2||BAB 4, rhine bridge Rodenkirchen|
VFR Routings: The most popular VFR route through the control zone follows the Rhine along the Cologne Cathedral and the Old Town and connects the mandatory reporting points S1, K2 and K1.
Just as popular for flights from / to the Bergisches Land are take-offs or landings in Bonn-Hangelar combined with a flight through the control zone via the S and N routes.
VFR Squawk: All VFR traffic inside the controlzone of Cologne will get the transpondercode 7003.
Helicopter traffic: The airport has frequent helicopter traffic. On the one hand, this is due to the fact that a helicopter squadron of the Federal Police is located at Bonn-Hangelar Airport and training traffic also takes place there. On the other hand, two rescue helicopters are stationed at the airport. "Christoph 3" (CHX3) has its landing pad at the GAT, while the intensive care transport helicopter "Christoph Rheinland" (CHX75) of the ADAC has its base at the north-western edge of the V- Apron towards Taxiway B. Only "Christoph 3" though, is allowed to land and depart directly from it's helipad. Every other helicopter has to either land on the runway or the runway threshold (e.g. 14R) and has to air-taxi to it's final position afterwards.
Direction of Operation
Up to a tailwind component of 5kt, operations will be handled via runways 32R and 32L. Runway 24 is also used if necessary up to a tailwind component of 5kt.
Operating direction 06 is used extremely rarely because the wind through the Cologne Bay preferably blows from a northerly to northwesterly direction.
In order to accelerate the taxiing of traffic and after prior coordination with ground control, the tower may give taxiing traffic (taxiways A3-A4) an initial taxi instruction into taxiway A or taxiway E (depending on the take-off direction) and then hand it over to ground control.
Due to the distance of only approx. 1150 m between the runway centrelines of 14L/32R and 14R/32L, independent parallel runway operations between these runways for IFR traffic are not permitted.
Crossing Runway Operations
Combined operation of runways 14L/32R and 24 has the highest capacity. When runway 14R/32L is used as well, runway 24 is blocked for significantly longer.
It is important during crossing runway operations that the preceeding traffic (landing or departing) has crossed the runway cross before the succeeding traffic (landing) for the other runway has reached the 1 NM final. Otherwise the succeeding traffic has to go around.
Example: Departing traffic runway 32R has passed the runway cross before the inbound reaches 1 NM final for runway 24.
Without further coordination, the standard missed approach procedures published in the AIP shall be used.
Should a conflict arise due to an aborted approach in combination with a departing aircraft, the tower may issue immediate instructions to resolve the conflict. The arrival controller shall then be informed immediately of the action taken.